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BLOG : 集体诉讼在中国 / Class Actions in China

The author is one of the Lab’s students, directly from China, Xintong Sha.  English version below 集体诉讼在中国 集体诉讼(Class Action)在中国称为公益诉讼,包括民事公益诉讼和行政公益诉讼。民事公益诉讼又包括了环境公益诉讼和消费者公益诉讼。《中华人民共和国民事诉讼法》(以下简称《民事诉讼法》)规定:环境保护法、消费者权益保护法等法律规定的机关和有关组织对污染环境、侵害众多消费者合法权益等损害社会公共利益的行为,根据民事诉讼法第五十五条规定提起公益诉讼,符合下列条件的,人们法院应当受理:(一)有明确的被告;(二)有具体的诉讼请求;(三)有社会公共利益收到损害的初步证据;(四)属于人们法院受理民事诉讼的范围和受诉人民法院管辖。《民事诉讼法》第五十五条规定“对污染环境、侵害众多消费者合法权益等损害社会公共利益的行为,法律规定的机关和有关组织可以向人民法院提起诉讼。”后该条在2017年民事诉讼法修改后,新增一款,作为第二款“人民检察院在履行职责中发现生态环境和资源保护、食品药品安全领域侵害众多消费者合法权益等损害社会公共利益的行为,在没有前款规定的集团和组织或者前款规定的机关和组织不提起诉讼的情况下,可以向人民法院提起诉讼。前款规定的机关或者组织提起诉讼的,人民检查院可以支持起诉。”奠定了人民检察院提起民事公益诉讼的主体资格的地位。   Class Actions in China Class Action is called public interest litigation in China. It includes civil public interest litigation and administrative public interest litigation. Civil public interest litigation includes environmental and consumer protection issues. The Civil […] Read more

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PUBLICATION : The Class Action Effect / L’Effet de l’Action Collective

Class Actions Lab’s 2017 colloquium is now followed by a collective work published by Éditions Yvon Blais, The Class Action Effect / L’effet de l’action collective.  This collective book gathers 13 texts, in English or in French, from the colloquium organized by the Class Actions Lab of the Université de Montréal, in collaboration with the Center on […] Read more

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BLOG : The Role of the Judge in a Class Action Context

By : Jessica Fruchtermann and Katerina Kostopoulos   In a judicial system characterized by the traditional adversarial model, parties maintain complete control over their case while the judge acts as a passive arbitrator, adjudicating based on the evidence presented before him/her[1]. While Quebec’s system was historically adversarial, judges have become increasingly managerial and hands-on following the adoption […] Read more

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La professeure Piché participe à une École d’été en droit de la consommation

La professeure Catherine Piché à l’UQÀM participera à l’École d’été en droit de la consommation – Développements de droit national, comparé et international du 28 juin au 5 juillet 2018. Les objectifs de cette École d’été sont les suivants : Offrir une formation intense et de qualité en droit de la consommation, en privilégiant les développements de droit […] Read more

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The Law Commission of Ontario Launches Consultation Paper entitled Class Actions : Objectives, Experience, and Reforms

Source : Press Release, LAW COMMISSION OF ONTARIO, MARCH 9 2018 The Law Commission of Ontario (LCO) today releases a Consultation Paper and launches province-wide consultations for its Class Actions: Objectives, Experience, and Reforms project. Find it HERE.  The LCO review is the most comprehensive assessment of Ontario’s Class Proceedings Act since it came into force […] Read more